What is RAID (Computer drives)
In large storage area networks (SANs), floor-standing RAID units are common with terabytes of storage and huge amounts of cache memory. RAID is also used in desktop computers by gamers for speed and by business users for reliability. Following are the various RAID configurations. See NAS, SAN and Storage Spaces.
RAID 0 – Striping for Performance (Popular)
Widely used for gaming, striping interleaves data across multiple drives for performance. However, there are no safeguards against failure. See RAID 0.
RAID 1 – Mirroring for Fault Tolerance (Popular)
Widely used, RAID 1 writes two drives at the same time. It provides the highest reliability but doubles the number of drives needed. RAID 10 combines RAID 1 mirroring with RAID 0 striping for both safety and performance. See RAID 1 and RAID 10.
RAID 3 – Speed and Fault Tolerance
Data are striped across three or more drives for performance, and parity is computed for safety. Similar to RAID 3, RAID 4 uses block level striping but is not as popular. See RAID 3 and RAID parity.
RAID 5 – Speed and Fault Tolerance (Popular)
Data are striped across three or more drives for performance, and parity is computed for safety. RAID 5 is similar to RAID 3, except that the parity is distributed to all drives. RAID 6 offers more reliability than RAID 5 by performing more parity computations. For more details, see RAID 5.